How To Stop Bleeding Gums

There are many causes of bleeding gums. One question we are asked frequently is, “What can I do at home to stop bleeding gums?” Bleeding is one of the indications of gum disease, and therefore it should be taken seriously.

According to a recent study (Crest), 60% of people have experienced gum bleeding. One in three people think bleeding gums is normal. Among the signs of gum disease are: bad breath, swollen gums, receding gums, and loose teeth.  bleeding gums - paid Depositphotos 182555064 m-2015

Causes of bleeding gums

  1. The buildup of plaque on your gums can cause gingivitis. This causes inflammation and bleeding.
  2. Deficiencies of Vitamin C and/or Vitamin K.
  3. Infected gums.
  4. The hormonal changes that accompany pregnancy may cause bleeding gums.
  5. Poor oral hygiene. Not brushing twice daily.
  6. Smoking and vaping.
  7. Diet.
  8. Leukemia.
  9. Scurvy.
  10. Use of blood thinners.
  11. Using a toothbrush that is too stiff or hard.
  12. Using a worn and frayed toothbrush that does not clean teeth and gums effectively.
  13. Being too rough when flossing. Remember to push down gently and hug the sides of each tooth.
  14. Some medications that can thin the blood a bit: some prescription medications, aspirin, ibuprofen.

How to Stop the Bleeding

Minor gum bleeding can often be treated at home. If you try any of these remedies and your gums continue to bleed, see your dentist immediately. Remember that there are many types of bacteria in your mouth. If your gums become infected, you risk the spread of that infection.

Here are some home/natural remedies you might want to try at home.

  1. Use gauze to stop the bleeding. Press a clean and damp gauze pad against the bleeding area gently. Hold it in place until the bleeding stops. If your immune system is compromised or you take a blood thinner, expect the treatment to take a bit longer.
  2. Use a small ice pack. Hold a cold compress, a small ice pack, or an ice cube against the bleeding area.
  3. Use mouthwash. This will treat the bleeding gums and prevent further bleeding. The ingredients in mouthwash that kill bacteria and stop bleeding are chlorohexidine and hydrogen peroxide.
  4. Rinse with warm salt water several times each day.
  5. Make a paste of turmeric and apply it to the gums.
  6. Rinse with hydrogen peroxide (be sure to spit it out and not swallow).
  7. For sensitive gums, you might choose an “extra soft” toothbrush.
  8. Floss gently every day.
  9. Avoid smoking or vaping.
  10. Avoid starchy processed foods and sugary foods.
  11. Eat crunchy vegetables (celery, carrots, for example). The crunchiness can help to remove food particles from your teeth.
  12. Eat more leafy greens in your diet. People with a Vitamin K deficiency require more time for the blood to clot, and see more bleeding of the gums.
  13. Use an anti-gingivitis toothpaste.
  14. Apply some raw honey to the affected area and gently massage the gums.
  15. Drink some unsweetened cranberry juice each day.
  16. Manage your stress.
  17. Be careful about sharing with your partner. Gum disease and bleeding gums are contagious.
  18. Drink green tea daily. It contains catechin, a natural antioxidant that can lower the inflammatory response to oral bacteria.

Remember to see your dentist twice each year for a checkup and cleaning. Your dentist will be able to help you improve your oral health and prevent bleeding gums.