Frequent Marijuana Use and Your Mouth

In the last four-and-one-half years (since 2013) the use of has doubled in the U.S. Marijuana is used both medically and recreationally. As most people know, there are psychological and physical effects of marijuana. But do you know what it does in your mouth?

Whether marijuana is smoked, baked into foods or applied as a topical cream marijuana can have a number of harmful marijuana-pixabay cco - 1832435 640effects. Its use can cause an immediate increase in heart rate, dilation of the blood vessels and circulation interruptions. This results in an increase in blood pressure and a decrease in the ability of the ability of the blood vessels to carry oxygen throughout the body. Some very limited studies have suggested that the risk of heart attack is five times more likely to happen in the first hour of marijuana use. Although users typically report feeling relaxed, calm or sleepy, marijuana can also cause anxiety, paranoia and hallucinations.

It is important that your dental hygienist and your dentist know about your marijuana use before administering any drugs.

The first effect of marijuana in your mouth is typically dry mouth. Many people have attributed this response to the effect of smoking marijuana. A few limited studies have suggested, however, that this effect may occur with other uses of the substance. Dry mouth fosters tooth decay. In fact, research confirms that when compared with non-users, marijuana users have significantly higher incidence of tooth decay. Other effects of marijuana use at least monthly include

  • increased risk of periodontal disease
  • increased risk of head and neck cancers (marijuana contains carcinogens)
  • appearance of red pre-cancerous lesions
  • development of non-cancerous discolored patches
  • thick, white patches forming on your tongue and the lining of your mouth
  • stomatitis-like lesions, uvulitis and gingival enlargement.

It is important that your hygienist and your dentist know about your marijuana use because they will need to look for and monitor any of these effects.

Some dentists do not look for effects of marijuana use when examining patients. Because of the oral risks associated with marijuana use, please inform your dentist.

At Complete Dental Care of Salem, VA, we do not judge; nor do we ever share any information about your health with others. Please keep this in mind when you come into the office and help us to help you by informing us about your marijuana use. The goal is always to improve your dental and general health.